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Assam Flood: Centre admits to failing in flood management, protection structures

On Monday, the Centre admitted to failing to manage Assam flood and build flood protection structures, as well as deforestation/watershed degradation and encroachment on riverine areas, all of which are known to be major causes of flooding in Assam.

According to a media report, Bishweswar Tudu, the Minister of State for Jal Shakti, told the Rajya Sabha that high-intensity rainfall over a short period of time, poor or inadequate drainage/channel capacity, high silt load, steep slope and transverse gradient lead to erosion and deportation of silt in the plains, changing the course of rivers, are the causes of flooding in Assam.

In response to a question about whether the government has assessed the impact of annual riverbank erosion caused by Brahmaputra flooding in Assam, Union minister Tudu said Assam experienced major floods in 1954, 1962, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1988, 1998, 2002, and 2004.

“Erosion on both banks of the Brahmaputra and its tributaries has aggravated the severity of the state’s flood problem,” Rudu said, citing the state Water Resources Department (WRD)

In response to a question from Rajmani Patel, Union minister Tudu said that Assam’s WRD has been implementing flood protection schemes under the Flood Management Programme, NABARD-RIDF, and other components on a regular basis to help mitigate Assam’s perennial flood problem.

141 projects worth Rs 2,383.11 crore were approved under the centrally-sponsored FMP during the XI Plan and XII Plan, according to the Union minister.

To date, Assam has received a total of Rs 1,286.39 crore in central assistance since the start of the XI Plan.

In addition, the Brahmaputra Board is implementing anti-erosion measures in Tinsukia district, Majuli district, and Mankachar-Kalair Alga in Assam’s South Salmara-Mankachar district. Tudu remarked.

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